ALFA ACPCIE-1900U mPCIe 2.4/5Ghz WIFI Card Driver Installation

This section covers the configuration needed to use the ALFA AWPCIE-1900U high power mPCIe card (featuring Realtek RTL8814AU chipset) which has both dual band 2.4 and 5Ghz WiFi compatibility, see spec sheet for this model HERE.

Pre-compiled kernel modules are available to save time, see bottom of page for details


Installation From Source

Here's the procedure we used to configure the WiFi card, this process was fairly straight-forward thanks to a open source git-hub page maintaining support for the chipset.

root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# apt-get update --allow-releaseinfo-change
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# apt-get install bc git build-essential python flex bison libssl-dev libncurses5-dev
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# wget -O /usr/local/bin/rpi-source 
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/rpi-source 
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# /usr/local/bin/rpi-source -q --tag-update
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi# rpi-source  # [ accept defaults on any questions ]

That last step may argue a few times you haven't installed something, if so run the prompted command to install the missing component and re-run rpi-source.

There are two sources we have found for the driver, we will use the first one as this appears to be the most up-to-date version

root@raspberrypi:~/wifi/# git clone
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi/# cd 8814au
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi/8814au# ./  # Raspberry Pi 32bit OS
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi/8814au# ./  # [ accept defaults on any questions ]
root@raspberrypi:~/wifi/8814au# reboot

A sample log of the compile procedure can be seen HERE

After compilation, instalation and rebooting check the output of dmesg to verify the card has been detected:

root@raspberrypi:~/# dmesg
[    3.047284] usb 1-1.3: new high-speed USB device number 4 using dwc_otg
[    3.187964] usb 1-1.3: New USB device found, idVendor=0bda, idProduct=8813, bcdDevice= 0.00
[    3.196476] usb 1-1.3: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[    3.203975] usb 1-1.3: Product: 802.11ac NIC
[    3.208342] usb 1-1.3: Manufacturer: Realtek
[    3.212682] usb 1-1.3: SerialNumber: 123456

[    7.400467] 8814au: loading out-of-tree module taints kernel.

Next let's find the local 5Ghz network :

root@raspberrypi:~# iwlist wlan0 scanning
wlan0     Scan completed :
          Cell 01 - Address: E0:28:6D:BB:42:CB
                    Protocol:IEEE 802.11AC
                    Frequency:5.26 GHz (Channel 52)
                    Encryption key:on
                    Bit Rates:1.3 Gb/s
                    IE: IEEE 802.11i/WPA2 Version 1
                        Group Cipher : CCMP
                        Pairwise Ciphers (1) : CCMP
                        Authentication Suites (1) : PSK
                    IE: Unknown: DD1D0050F204104A0001101044000102103C0001031049000600372A000120
                    Quality=63/100  Signal level=51/100
          Cell 03 - Address: E0:28:6D:BB:42:CA
                    Protocol:IEEE 802.11bgn
                    Frequency:2.412 GHz (Channel 1)
                    Encryption key:on
                    Bit Rates:144 Mb/s
                    IE: IEEE 802.11i/WPA2 Version 1
                        Group Cipher : CCMP
                        Pairwise Ciphers (1) : CCMP
                        Authentication Suites (1) : PSK
                    IE: Unknown: DD6F0050F204104A0001101044000102103B0001031047001041C6307EE2359F99CB6CE0286DBB42CA1021000341564D1023000446426F78102400043030303010420004303030301054000800060050F20400011011000446426F78100800020280103C0001031049000600372A000120
                    Quality=84/100  Signal level=27/100

There are two criticial settings needed in in wpa_supplicant.conf file before we can sucessfully bring up the network interface, these must be correctly set or the system will fail to respond when asking for the interfaces to be enabled.

1. WiFi Config

Enter the target network ESSID (and password when prompted) to generate the wpa authentication details for connecting :

root@raspberrypi:~# wpa_passphrase EMT5

Add these generated details to the bottom of the file below


2. Reglatory domain setting (Country code)

Add the line below to wpa_supplicant.conf


Where ?? is your country code (dictating your WiFi power/range)

Note : This setting MUST be present when system is booted or WiFi will be disabled and you will be unable to bring up the interface.

A sample config file is shown here

root@raspberrypi:~# cat /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

ctrl_interface=DIR=/var/run/wpa_supplicant GROUP=netdev

After this is done you'll need to reboot the system

Note that the network interface commands from Raspbian Stretch onwards have changed

ifdown wlan0   =>  ifconfig wlan0 down  
ifup wlan0     =>  ifconfig wlan0 up  

Once rebooted you can check connectivity as below :

root@raspberrypi:~# iwconfig wlan0
wlan0     IEEE 802.11AC  ESSID:"EMT5"  Nickname:"WIFI@RTL8814AU"
          Mode:Managed  Frequency:5.26 GHz  Access Point: E0:28:6D:BB:42:CB
          Bit Rate:1.3 Gb/s   Sensitivity:0/0
          Retry:off   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
          Encryption key:****-****-****-****-****-****-****-****   Security mode:open
          Power Management:off
          Link Quality=65/100  Signal level=51/100  Noise level=0/100
          Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
          Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0

root@raspberrypi:~# ifconfig wlan0
wlan0: flags=4163  mtu 1500
        inet  netmask  broadcast
        inet6 fe80::b23c:ad59:c446:4793  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20
        ether 00:c0:ca:a8:8e:2f  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 185  bytes 32702 (31.9 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 29  bytes 4899 (4.7 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 3 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0


Pre-Compiled Driver Modules

For kernel version 4.19.118-v7+ we have packaged up the pre-compiled kernel module for easy usage, to check which version you are using use the below

root@raspberrypi:~# uname -a
Linux raspberrypi 4.19.118-v7+ #1311 SMP Mon Apr 27 14:21:24 BST 2020 armv7l GNU/Linux

Precompiled kernel module for 4.19.118-v7 kernel download link :

GDrive Download link for 8814AU v5.8.5.1 driver file for Kernel 4.19.118-v7+



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